Economic data for the 19th Century

In 1801 Escomb parish was still a small rural community covering a larger area than it does today, as it included the areas of Woodside and Witton Park. The rapid expansion of the population as seen bwelow was due mainly to the coming of the railway line through the village, the opening of the coalmine in Escomb by H.Stobart and partners in the 1830s and the opening of the Ironworks in 1846 in Witton Park by Bolckow and Vaughan.

The Revd Henry Atkinson became the first resident vicar for many centuries when a vicarage was built on top of the hill in 1848. Bishop Maltby purchased the land and £300 for the house was granted from the Maltby Fund. In 1861, in his 4 yearly survey report to the Bishop, the vicar  pleaded that the Saxon church was far too small for the needs of the growing population. A new church, St. John’s seating 250, was built opposite the vicarage in 1863 at a cost of £1,100. A cemetery of 2 acres was enlarged to 3 acres in 1892. In 1869 Witton Park became a separate district, later parish, and St. Paul’s church (1877) was built from public subscriptions.

Escomb chapelry income in 1853 was £90 and was increased by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners and other sources to £204. In 1858 income of the living was £220 rising to £300 by 1879. As the population decreased the income shrank. In 1902 it was worth £275 p.a.

Population Records

Date

Population

Comment

Date

Population

Comment

1801

162

 

1881

903

Escomb figures only as Witton Park was now a separate parish

1811

190

 

 

 

 

1821

232

 56 families in 52 houses

1881-1911

 

 Figures for Escomb remain fairly static

1831

282

 

1911

1,325

 305 houses but 40 were empty. The iron works had closed in 1884.

1841

510

Increase in workers for railway and coal mine opened in 1830s

      

 

1851

1,293

Witton Park ironworks had opened in ‘46;

1938

1,101

 

 

1861

3,755

 this is the last census which included Witton Park with Escomb                         1813 to 1880  1,606 births

1871

c1,000

 now excluded Witton park. Figures for Escomb given to the Bishop by Revd Lord

 Occupation Records for the first half of 19th Century

Date

No. of working men

Gentleman

Pitman

Labourer

Farmer

Other

Total No of different occupations

1813 -20

30

1

3+%

10

33%

5

17%

6

20%

8

9

1821-40

97

1

1%

44

46%

20

20%

10

10%

22

20

 

1841-60

338

3

0.9%

99

29%

42

12%

10

3%

184

Including 30 ironworkers

  51 *

 *21 of these 51 occupations related to the ironworks or other industrial activity. A number of other occupations related to housing expansion eg. masons, joiners, decorators. Another layer of jobs related to servicing the community eg. shoemakers, tailors, shopkeepers, millers, innkeepers (9). There were 3 policemen and 1 theatrical performer.

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